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Merriam-Webster adds ‘they’ as nonbinary pronoun to dictionary

first_imgtacojim/iStock(SPRINGFIELD, Mass.) — Merriam-Webster has added another definition for the word “they” that can be used to refer to a single person whose gender identity is nonbinary, or someone who expresses a gender identity that is neither entirely male or entirely female.The reference book company used the word as an example in this sentence: “They had adopted their gender-neutral name a few years ago, when they began to consciously identify as nonbinary.”In a post on its website, the company acknowledged that “they” has been used to refer to a single person since the 13th century and that the development of the singular use mirrors the development of the singular use of “you” from the plural “you.”Merriam-Webster noted that, while some may say the use of “they” in a singular form is ungrammatical, people have used it to describe someone whose gender is unknown for a “long time,” although the nonbinary use of the word is “relatively new.”“Much has been written on they, and we aren’t going to attempt to cover it here,” the post stated. We collected enough usage evidence to add ‘deep state.’— Merriam-Webster (@MerriamWebster) September 17, 2019Merriam-Webster also announced the addition of 530 new words on Tuesday, including deep state, dad joke and escape room.New abbreviations include “vacay,” short for vacation, “sesh,” short for session and “inspo,” short for inspiration.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more


Music therapy ‘helps cancer young’

first_imgYoungsters made their own music video to show family and friendsMusic therapy can help teenagers and young people cope better when faced with treatment for cancer, a study in Cancer journal suggests.American researchers followed the experiences of a group of patients aged 11-24 as they produced a music video over three weeks.They found the patients gained resilience and improved relationships with family and friends.All the patients were undergoing high-risk stem-cell transplant treatments.To produce their music videos, the young patients were asked to write song lyrics, record sounds and collect video images to create their story.They were guided by a qualified music therapist who helped the patients identify what was important to them and how to communicate their ideas.When completed, the videos were shared with family and friends through “premieres”.Positive effectAfter the sessions, the researchers found that the group that made music videos reported feeling more resilient and better able to cope with their treatment than another group not offered music therapy.Also, 100 days after treatment, the same group said they felt communication within their families was better and they were more connected with friends.These are among several protective factors identified by researchers that they say help teenagers and young adults to cope in the face of cancer treatments.Lead study author Dr Joan Haase, of Indiana University School of Nursing, said: “These protective factors influence the ways adolescents and young adults cope, gain hope and find meaning in the midst of their cancer journey.“Adolescents and young people who are resilient have the ability to rise above their illness, gain a sense of mastery and confidence in how they have dealt with their cancer, and demonstrate a desire to reach out and help others.”When researchers interviewed the patients’ parents, they found that the videos also gave them useful insights into their children’s cancer experiences.‘Feel connected’Sheri Robb, a music therapist who worked on the study, explained why music was particularly good at encouraging young people to engage.She said: “When everything else is so uncertain, songs that are familiar to them are meaningful and make them feel connected.”Cancer Research UK says music therapy can help people with cancer reduce their anxiety and improve their quality of life. It can also help to reduce some cancer symptoms and side-effects of treatment – but it cannot cure, treat or prevent any type of disease, including cancer.Previous studies looking at the effects of music therapy on children with cancer found that it could help reduce fear and distress while improving family relationships.A spokesperson for Teenage Cancer Trust said getting children with cancer to co-operate and communicate was most important.“Every day in UK, around seven young people aged between 13 and 24 are diagnosed with cancer. We know that being treated alongside others their own age makes a huge difference to their whole experience, especially if it’s in an environment that allows young people with cancer to support each other.”BBC News Share Tweet Share Sharecenter_img Sharing is caring! HealthLifestyle Music therapy ‘helps cancer young’ by: – January 27, 2014 26 Views   no discussionslast_img read more


Luis Suarez holds talks with Real Madrid

first_imgLuis Suarez has agreed terms with Real Madrid so that his switch to the Bernabeu can be ‘fast-tracked’ if Liverpool agree a fee with the Spanish giants, according to Marca.The striker is currently with Uruguay on international duty at the Confederations Cup, but has made it clear during his time away from England that he would like to leave Anfield if the opportunity arose this summer.Suarez said media intrusion was behind his attempts to bring an end to his Liverpool career, which began when he signed from Ajax in 2011.Real Madrid are reportedly interested in landing Suarez this summer and the 26-year-old has admitted he would favour a move to Los Blancos.Now Marca claim that Suarez has agreed personal terms with the Liverpool ace, who is expected to consider his options once Uruguay’s participation in the Confederations Cup comes to an end, which could be as early as tomorrow.Marca also claim that Suarez has offers on the table from other clubs, and that the Liverpool man will consider them if Madrid aren’t forthcoming with a serious offer for his services. The arrival of Carlo Ancelotti as Real Madrid’s manager will go some way to clearing up the uncertainty regarding Suarez, as the Italian will likely firm up his transfer plans in the coming weeks.Madrid would have to offer Liverpool around €47 million in order to activate the release clause in Suarez’s contract.last_img read more